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Manchester History

A.D.79-1699

79 The Romans establish a fort overlooking the confluence of the rivers Irwell and Medlock.
410 The Romans leave the Manchester area.
920 Edward the Elder occupies Manchester and 'repairs and mans the fort'.
(Whether this was the old Roman fort or another defensive position in the cathedral area is not certain.)
1086 A brief reference to Manchester and its Paris church in the Domesday book.
1222 Grant of annual fair to Manchester, to last two days. Extended to three days in 1227.
1301 Grant of charter to burgesses by Thomas Grelley.
1322 Reference to a fulling mill in Manchester, indicating that there was a textile industry in Manchester.
1359 Decision by Duke of Lancaster that Manchester was not a borough but a market town.
1368 Earliest reference to the existence of a stone bridge across the river Irwell between Manchester and Salford.
1422 Manor house of Grelly family given as home for clergy attached to the parish church. (Later became Chetham's School.)
Collegiation of the parish church and its rededication to St Mary, St Denys and St George. Rebuilding of Collegiate Church commenced and continued for the next 100 years.
1515 Manchester Grammar school founded by Hugh Oldham, Bishop of Exeter.
1538 Visit of John Leland to Manchester, who described the town as the 'best builded, quickest and most populous tounne in all Lancashire'.
1540 Right of Sanctuary granted to Manchester.
1541 Right of Sanctuary taken away from Manchester because of damage done to the textile trade by criminals who had come to Manchester to avoid arrest.
1547 College of Clergy at Collegiate Church dissolved.
1552 Earliest surviving records of the Manchester Court Leet begins.
Reference to 'Manchester Cottons' contained in 'An Act for the true making of woollen cloths'. This act stipulated the dimensions of cloth.
1579 West family sell Lordship of Manchester to Richard Lacy, a mercer.
1596 Sir Nicolas Mosley, former Lord Mayor of London, purchased Lordship of Manor of Manchester.
1605 Outbreak of plague in Manchester.
1642 Civil War. Siege of Manchester by Royalists - propably the first siege of the Civil War. The Royalists were trying to capture Manchester as it was regarded as a Parliamentary stronghold, altough the town was not walled.
1644 Prince Rupert by-passed Manchester, but sacked Bolton and besieged Liverpool.
1645 Outbreak of plague in Manchester. Money raised in London to provide assistance.
1653 Death of Humphrey Chetham, who left money to found Chetham's School and Chetham's Library. Established in 1655.
Lieutenant Colonel Charles Worsley brought the mace from the Houses of Parliament to Manchester after Cromwell had dissolved Parliament.


1700-1799 >>
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