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Manchester History

1900- Present Day

1901 First electric trams run in Manchester.
John Rydlands Library completed.
1902 Municipal Technical School established, later to become University of Manchester Institute of Science and Technology (UMIST)
1903 Women's Social and Political Union founded at Emmeline Pankhurst's house, Nelson Street, Chorlton-on-Medlock.
1904 Midland Hotel opened. Mr Rolls met Mr Royce here, resulting the formation of Rolls-Royce.
1908 Annie Horniman founded first modern repertory theatre company based at Gaiety Theatre, Manchester.
1909 A V Roe flew the first British plane.
1911 Ford opens factory at Trafford Park for assembly line production of 4 Model Ts.
Old Town Hall, Cross Street, demolished as considered dangerous. Free Library moved to temporary huts in Piccadilly where it remained until 1934.
1919 Alcock & Brown of Manchester the first to fly non-stop across Atlantic in an aeroplane.
Rutherford first split the atom.
1921 Population 730,307.
Extension to Royal Exchange opened by King George V.
1922 First radio broadcast from Manchester.
1929 Barton Aerodrome opened.
1934 Central Library, St Peter's Square opened.
1938 Town Hall extension opened.
Ringway Airport ( now Manchester International Airport) opened, replacing Barton Aerodrome.
1940 Christmas Blitz inflicted serious damage on Central Manchester.
1948 The world's first electronic stored programme computer developed in Manchester.
1949 Last conventional trams run in Manchester.
1952. Smokeless zones introduced.
Library Theatre opened.
Restored Free Trade Hall opened.
1956 Granada Television established.
1962 Co-operative Insurance Society building opened - the tallest office block in Europe.
1965 Manchester Business School opened.
1968 Royal Exchange ceased trading.
1971 Population recorded as 541,468.
1984 Castlefield Urban Heritage park formed.
1986 G-MEX Centre opened.
1992 Metrolink opened by Her Majesty, Queen Elizabeth II. Manchester Polytechnic became the Metropolitan University of Manchester.
1993 Manchester Airport opened its second terminal.

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